A four page assumptive essay will use the fieldwork experience and external reading to answer one of these questions:1.What is the evidence of pericardial activity in north east Scotland?2.How does landscape determine soil type and how does this ultimately affect land use in the North East of Scotland? 3.Soil survey and soil classification are two contrasting disciplines that require different sets of tools-discuss.4.What is the Caterina concept (physical and chemical)? Can this really be related to all global environments (i.e. temperate, tropical etc)? 5.How does human intervention affect the genesis of soil and its capacity to deliver ecosystem services? Focus on one human intervention.6.How will climate change affect the evolution of high latitude soils?